Pine oil is an essential oil obtained by the steam distillation of needles, twigs and cones from a variety of species of pine, particularly Pinus sylvestris.
It is used in aromatherapy, as a scent in bath oils, as a cleaning product, and as a lubricant in small and expensive clockwork instruments. It is naturally deodorizing, and antibacterial. It may also be used varyingly as a disinfectant, massage oil and an antiseptic.
Pine oil is distinguished from other products from pine such as turpentine, the low-boiling fraction from the distillation of pine sap, and rosin, the thick tar remaining after turpentine is distilled.
Chemically, pine oil consists mainly of cyclic terpene alcohols. It may also contain terpene hydrocarbons, ethers, and esters. The exact composition depends on various factors such as the variety of pine it is produced from and the parts of the tree used.
Industrially, pine oil is used in metal extraction from ores. For example, in copper extraction pine oil is used to soak all copper sulfide ores for froth flotation.
Pine oil Basic information
Product Name: Pine oil
Synonyms: GUM SPIRITS;GUM SPIRITS OIL OF TURPENTINE DOMESTIC GUM SPIRITS OF TURPENTINE STEAM-DISTILLED WOOD (SDW) TURPENTINE;FIR OIL;FEMA 3089;L-TURPENTINE;TURPENTINE SUBSTITUTE;PINE OIL;PURIFIED GUM SPIRITS
Product Categories: INORGANIC & ORGANIC CHEMICALS
Mol File: Mol File
Pine oil Chemical Properties
mp −55 °C(lit.)
bp 153-175 °C(lit.)
density 0.86 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 4.84 (−7 °C, vs air)
vapor pressure 4 mm Hg ( −6.7 °C)
refractive index n20/D 1.515
Fp 86 °F
CAS DataBase Reference 8002-09-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System Oils, pine(8002-09-3)
Hazard Codes Xn,N
Risk Statements 36/38-43-65
Safety Statements 36/37-46-61-62
RIDADR UN 1299 3/PG 3
WGK Germany 2