Honeysuckles (Lonicera, pronounced ; Caprifolium ) are arching or twining in the family , native to the . There are about 180 species of honeysuckle, with by far the greatest diversity in , where over 100 species occur; by comparison, and have only about 20 native species each. Widely known species include (European Honeysuckle or Woodbine), (Japanese Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle, or Chinese Honeysuckle) and (Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle, or Woodbine Honeysuckle). are attracted to these plants.
The are opposite, simple oval, 110 cm long; most are but some are . Many of the species have sweetly-scented, bell-shaped that produce a sweet, edible . Breaking of the Honeysuckle's stem will release this powerful sweet odor. The is a red, blue or black containing several seeds; in most species the berries are mildly , but a few (notably ) have edible berries. The plant is eaten by the of some species - see .
The name Lonicera stems from , a Renaissance botanist
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