Ginsenosides are a class of , and , found exclusively in the plant genus (). Ginsenosides have been the target of research, as they are viewed as the active compounds behind the claims of ginseng's efficacy. Because ginsenosides appear to affect multiple pathways, their effects are complex and difficult to isolate.
Ginsenosides are separated by column . Ginsenoside content can vary widely depending on species, location of growth, and growing time before harvest.
The root, the organ most often used, contains saponin complexes. These are often split into two groups: the Rb1 group (characterized by the presence : Rb1, Rb2, Rc and Rd) and the Rg1 group (: Rg1, Re, Rf, and Rg2)
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